Cognitivism and Behaviorism … & NLP ?
How do motivation, attention and perception fit into this? I believe that meaningful perception will lead to the information being stored for a long time in the LTM which can then process any new information and connect it abstractly into the learning content. So even in choosing a good therapeutic model (drama-therapy, speech-therapy, music-therapy, the new hype being NLP) will always vary depending on the person you are dealing with. In the contrast to putting the theories into an educational context, I believe that different learning models can be used for different topics, I mean even various cultural differences can already alter the learning strategy. What is being learnt is of importance for the learner and that the knowledge is stored properly and accessible for retrieval. To take the behaviorism theories out of this equation would be foolish. I believe the common denominator for all learning lies in the behavior. Behaviorists have been very helpful by pointing out all kinds of consequences that promote learning.
Of how that behavior responds to input stimuli certainly can give us insight on what actually drives the learning to do all this. Motivation, reward, reinforcement are all important factors. I think to put some order into all this, and into the context of instructional design, Dr. Ormrod explains this very well in the video from our course materials by putting all this into different parts. We need to determine the goals or the outcome of the specific learning material. So it’s not only what we teach but how we teach. By using reinforcement can be a ‘how’ to motivate a learner. Giving a learner feedback can reinforce and perhaps create another aspect or idea of how information can be better learnt in a different context.
I need to stop now otherwise I could go on forever…. I hope to get some fresh ideas on your thoughts.